Breed Group: Not Akc Recognized
Color: White, Brindle, Brown, Red, Or Tan
Height: Male: 22-28, Female: 20-26 Inches
Weight: Male: 70-120, Female: 60-100 Lbs.
Description: The American Bulldog remains higher on the leg, more agile and swifter than its English counterpart. Some individuals are reportedly able to leap six or more feet into the air.
The American Bulldog is a very muscular, sturdy dog with a large, powerful head and jaws. He is very strong, but agile and light on his feet.
The chest is wide and the muscular neck tapers from shoulders to head. The neck may have a slight dewlap. The head is square and broad with muscular cheeks and a furrow between the rounded eyes.
The strong muzzle is shaped like a box. The stop is sharply defined and deep. The teeth should meet in a tight undershot, even or scissors bite.
A variety of ear types are acceptable including rose, half-pricked and pendant. Though some people crop the ears, uncropped ears are preferred in the American Bulldog Breeders Association Standard.
Any eye color is permitted, but black eye rims are preferred on white dogs. The nose is black or grizzle. In black-nosed dogs, the lips should also be black, though some pink is permitted.
The lips should be loose. The heavy-boned front legs should be strong and very straight. The hindquarters should be very broad and muscular.
The low-set tail begins thick at the base and then tapers to a point. The short, harsh coat comes in combinations of solid or varying degrees of white, all shades of brindle, brown, red, or tan. The sturdy and powerful, yet compact frame, is characteristically stockier and heavier boned in the males and more refined in the females.
Temperament: American Bulldogs should not be excessively timid, shy or aggressive towards men and preferably not overly aggressive with other dogs.
An American Bulldog should never be confused with uniquely different breeds such as the American Staffordshire Terrier or the American Pit Bull Terrier.
The American Bulldog is a brave and determined, but not hostile dog. Alert and self-confident, this breed genuinely loves children.
It is known for its acts of heroism towards its master. These dogs have fought wild dogs, bulls and even fire. It is said “fighting off one of these dogs is like fighting an animal that possesses an alligator’s head and a python’s body.” Yet when called off by their handler, they immediately obey.
No wonder they are said to have “true grit, true devotion, and true love.” Because of its strong protective instincts, the American Bulldog should be well-socialized and obedience trained at an early age. Some may be aggressive with other dogs and reserved with strangers.
They need to be around people to be truly happy. This breed tends to drool and slobber.
Health problems: Prone to hip dysplasia.
Living conditions: The American Bulldog will do okay in an apartment if it is sufficiently exercised. They are relatively inactive indoors and will do best with at least an average-sized yard.
Exercise: Moderate exercise is needed.
Life expectancy: Up to 16 years
Litter size: Average of 11 puppies
Grooming: The short, harsh coat is easy to groom. Comb and brush with a firm bristle brush, and bathe only when necessary. This breed is an average shedder.
Origin: Early Bulldogs were used in the bloody sport of bull-baiting. Some of these dogs emigrated with their masters from England to America.
Eventually, the English Bulldog was bred down in size and his personality was softened, but the American version remained a larger, fiercer dog.
The American version has longer legs and more speed and agility than the English show dog. Thanks to the efforts of John D. Johnson of Summerville, Georgia the American Bulldog exists today.
After he returned from WW II he was disappointed to find that, like the English Mastiff, they were almost completely extinct.
He then decided to gather the best he could find from all across the rural south and bring them back from the brink of extinction. He has been breeding these dogs longer than anyone else in the world and his father bred them before him.
He is an old man now (in his 80’s) and these dogs have always existed in his family. He is the sole reason why they exist today. If it were not for his efforts they surely would be gone.
He has been breeding them non-stop since then. The American Bulldog has also been used as a guard and in hunting bear, wild boar, squirrel, and raccoon.
They have even been trained to drive cattle and guard stock from predators. Farmers prize these dogs for their stamina, protectiveness, intelligence, and working abilities.
Some of the American Bulldogs’ talents are hunting, watchdogging, tracking, weight pulling, and guarding.