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Sussex Spaniel
Sussex Spaniel


Breed info

Breed Group: Sporting

Color: Gray, red-yellow, red-brown and gray-brown

Height: 15-16 inches

Weight: 40-44 lbs

Description: The Sussex Spaniel is a strong, massive dog. Its stand demands a well-balanced head which is broad and somewhat heavy.

The chest is deep and well developed. It has a liver-colored nose, scissors bite, and a well-marked frontal stop. The dog has a golden-liver colored coat that is flat or slightly wavy without being curled.

The legs, undersides, and tail are feathered. The loose skin and heavy long ears are somewhat reminiscent of a Basset Hound.

The eyes are hazel and fairly large with a sweet expression. The tail is docked to 5-7 inches (12½-17½ cm). The ears are rather large, tight to the head, covered with soft, wavy hair.

The neck is slightly arched. The golden-liver color of its coat, especially at sunset, blends with the color of the trees and game, so hunters using Sussex Spaniels need to be very careful not to shoot their dog accidentally. This may be why the breed is not widespread.

Temperament: The Sussex Spaniel is steady and calm around the house. They are not very outgoing or demonstrative compared to other spaniels.

It reaches the enthusiasm of a warrior in its work. On the hunt-field it barks continuously, moving with a characteristic swinging gait.

It is adapted to hunting and retrieving small game, especially in wooded areas. This dog sometimes bays when it is hunting. The Sussex Spaniel is the only Spaniel that does this.

They may also howl a lot when they are left alone. It is also a good companion dog. This breed loves everyone and they are sweet, gentle and devoted.

These are very sociable dogs, which usually get along well with cats and are excellent with children. Most get along with other dogs, but some can be aggressive with unfamiliar dogs.

It tends to be less playful and demonstrative than other Spaniels, with a low energy level. The Sussex Spaniel is a quick learner but has a mind of its own.

It is therefore important to be consistent with them. It needs firm and patient training. This breed likes to bark. You may want to teach them when they are young that one bark, for instance when the doorbell rings, is sufficient. Novice owners should be willing and able to assert their dominance. It can be snappish if annoyed.

Health problems: Prone to ear infections; the ears should be cleaned regularly. Do not overfeed this breed, as it tends to gain weight easily. Some minor concerns are intervertebral disc syndrome, otitis external, heart murmur, an enlarged heart.

Living conditions: The Sussex Spaniel will do okay in an apartment if it is sufficiently exercised. It is moderately active indoors and a small yard will be sufficient.

This breed can live outdoors in temperate climates as long as it has warm shelter, but it generally does better as a house dog that also has access to a yard.

Exercise: The Sussex Spaniel needs to be exercised regularly. It will quickly put on weight if it gets too little exercise. It enjoys retrieving and swimming and being outdoors in the woods and fields, but bear in mind it has a tendency to follow its nose.

Life expectancy: About 12-15 years.

Grooming: The soft medium-length, golden-red coat of the Sussex Spaniel should be brushed and combed regularly. Keep the ears clean and trim excessive hair between the pads on the bottom of the feet, but leave the tuft growing between the toes on the upper part of the feet.

If necessary, have the older and lighter hair removed by plucking. Too much hair beneath the ears should be trimmed at regular intervals. The teeth should be checked in a puppy when new teeth emerge to make sure they do not push existing teeth aside, resulting in crooked teeth. This breed is an average shedder.

Origin: The Sussex Spaniel is a fairly rare breed. The breed was developed in the 1800s in Sussex, England. It is a small game hunter and companion dog.

The breed was probably developed from crosses of spaniels with hounds. This breed survived World War II through the efforts of an English breeder named Joy Freer. Most of today’s Sussex Spaniels are descended from the eight dogs she saved and fed during the war.

The Sussex hunts slowly but has a fine nose, and very good strength and stamina in the field. It is best at flushing game for hunters on foot, the Sussex Spaniel can also be taught to retrieve. Official recognition came in 1885. Some of the Sussex Spaniel’s talents include tracking, hunting, retrieving and watchdogging.

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Staffordshire Bull Terrier
Staffordshire Bull Terrier


Breed info

Breed Group: Sporting

Color: Black, blue, fawn or brindle, often with white markings

Height: males 14-16 females 13-15 inches

Weight: males 25-38 females 23-35 lbs

Description: The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a powerful and muscular dog, very strong for his size with a broad head and very strong jaws.

The muzzle is short and the cheek muscles distinct. The stop is clearly defined.

The round eyes are brown and the nose, black.

The teeth should form a scissors bite. The ears are either rose or half-pricked.

The neck is short and muscular. The front legs are spaced wide apart. If they have rear dewclaws they are generally removed, front dewclaw removal is optional. The short coat is soft, sleek and close.

It comes in black, blue, fawn or brindle, often with white markings.

Temperament: The Staffordshire Bull Terrier does everything full throttle: play, work, and love.

It is extremely courageous and obedient, affectionate with a sense of humor. One owner of this breed says “Staffordshire Bull Terriers are very people friendly.

They are not particularly wary of strangers in almost all circumstances – although I’ve heard a few anecdotes about some being wary of particular people.

My dogs are always happy to meet new people!” The breed’s reputation with children is second to none.

Adored and adoring within its own family circle. It is usually good with other pets in the household but may be combative with dogs outside the family, especially dogs of his breed or related breeds.

They are intelligent and stubborn at times but this is the appeal of this ‘human’ in doggy fur! Staffordshire needs firm and consistent training. They are persistent and active.

As a puppy, they tend to chew a great deal so make sure you provide them with plenty of chew toys. Their powerful jaws will tear though vinyl toys to get to the squeaker in no time.

This can be dangerous if the dog swallows the plastic. Be sure to only give your Staffie strong toys. Do not allow it to be off its leash unless it is safe to do so. They can be trained for agility and competitive obedience. The breed competes in agility and obedience in the UK at the highest level. Staffies love a challenge and variety.

Owners need to protect these dogs from injuring themselves.

Totally fearless and curious, they’re liable to jump off of a deck or walk through broken glass.

These dogs are not recommended for most families because they need firm, experienced handling and training. They can be difficult to housebreak.

Health problems: Prone to cataracts. HC & PHPV (both eye complaints) although through screening of both parents this can be avoided.

DNA work in the UK is very nearly complete as to cure this (people should ensure they buy from eye tested parents, and that puppies are screened at a few weeks old. Hip dysplasia is occasionally seen.

Like all the bully type breeds, Staffordshire Bull Terriers often have gas problems.

Living conditions: The Staffordshire Bull Terrier will do okay in an apartment if it is sufficiently exercised. It is very active indoors and will do okay with a small yard.

Exercise: The Staffordshire Bull Terrier possesses tremendous stamina and must have plenty of exercises, but keep them on a leash in public places at all times.

Life expectancy: 10-16 Years

Grooming: The smooth, short-haired coat is easy to groom. Brush every day with a firm bristle brush, and bathe or dry shampoo as necessary. The coat will gleam if rubbed with a piece of toweling or chamois.

Origin: The Staffordshire Bull Terrier was developed in the region of Staffordshire, England in the nineteenth century from crosses between Bulldogs and various Terriers.

The Staffordshire Bull was developed for the then-popular sport of bull-baiting. The breed’s popularity waned as interest in the sport waned.

Then, in the twentieth century, interest in the breed grew again, especially in the United States. It returned to the show ring in 1935. In the U.S. it is now well-bred in a size slightly larger than that called for in the European standard.

The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is not a dog for every family, but in the hands of a dominant, experienced owner; it can be a successful pet and family guardian.

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South Russian Ovtcharka

South Russian Ovtcharka

Breed info

Breed Group: Flock Guardian

Color: Mainly white but also white and yellow, straw color, grayish (ashen gray) and other shades of gray; white lightly marked with gray, gray speckled

Height: 24 – 25 inches

Weight: 108 – 110 lbs

Description: The South Russian Ovtcharka is Robust, lean, with massive bone structure and strongly developed musculature. The Coat is long 4-6 inches (10-15 cm), coarse, thick, dense of equal length on head, chest, legs, and tail, with a well-developed undercoat.

The coat colors are most often white but also white and yellow, straw color, grayish (ashen gray) and other shades of gray; white lightly marked with gray, gray speckled.

The head is an elongated shape with a moderately broad forehead; the occipital crest and the zeugmatic arches are strongly pronounced. The stop is barely visible.

The nose is big and black. The ears are relatively small, of triangular shape, hanging. The eyes are oval shape, set horizontally, dark; the eyelids lean, tight. The teeth are white, big, fitting closely.

The incisors are set regularly and close in a scissor bite. The neck is lean, muscular, of moderate length, set high. The chest is reasonably broad, slightly flattened, deep.

The belly is moderately tucked up. The Loin is short, broad, rounded. The withers are apparent but not high. Back straight and strong. The tail is falling at rest, reaching the hock, with the end curved upward. The front legs are straight, parallel, relatively long.

The angle formed by the shoulder bone and upper arm bone is about 100 degrees. Pasterns are strong, wide and long, with a slight slant.

Hindquarters are powerful, wide set, parallel. Well-angulated. The upper thighs are well-muscled. Stifle bones are long, inclined. Hock joint is clean-cut, angular.

The hock is strong, long, slightly inclined. The feet are oval-shaped, strong, well arched, covered with long hair.

Temperament: The Ovtcharka of meridional Russia is a dog of robust constitution, of above-average size; he is fierce and distrustful of strangers, not very demanding and adapt easily to diverse climatic conditions and temperatures. Well evident according to sex.

The males are courageous, stronger and more massive than the females. They have highly nervous activity, strong, balanced and are lively.

They have a dominant reaction: active way of defense. As guardians, they extend themselves to include their families, their home and as much land as they can scent fully call their own. The possessive nature of this dog requires extensive property, a sizable family, and preferably other animals that he can protect. He has a dominating personality and can enforce his will upon other dogs with ease. This breed needs an owner who knows how to display strong leadership. Socialize well while young.

Living conditions: The South Russian Ovtcharka is not recommended for apartment life.

Life expectancy: About 9-11 years.

Origin: Historians and kinesiologists have different versions of the SRO breed origin. Some believe SRO is developed from pra-Slavic – arias dogs. Those resided at SRO place of origin at 4 millennium BC and used the original pre-historic bearded (“broadcast” in Russian) dogs as herders and guardians.

Those were described by L.P Sabaneev as Russian Shepherd or Russian wolf-killers. As arias moved west and north, and those tribes were named Slavic; the bearded dogs were referred to as Russian Shepherds.

Dogs were kept in quantity by Russian aristocracy. This is a Russian Native Breed, completely developed by 1790th. By another version, SRO originated from European herding dogs of the same hair type known as Austrian Shepherd.

SRO and European herding dogs of similar hair types look alike and have the same ancestors. Several herding dogs with long, wooly hair were imported to Russia from Europe.

In Russian Imperial Law Books (XXVI volume, 1830) mentioned a special breed of dogs imported at 1797 from Spain with merino sheep.

Those dogs were used for both herding and protection against predators, highly praised for their abilities. Law books recommended breeding these dogs.

Russian scientists specializing at southern steppes before 1797, wrote that local sheep herds are protected by wolf-looking dogs and hounds (I believe, SRO ancestors).

Small Austrian shepherds were not suitable for Russian steppes. Sizable territory and natural merino sheep’s instinct, keeping the herd together, excluded the need for small herding dogs. There only was a great need to protect from predators.

So Austrians were crossbred with “tatar” shepherds (similar to Caucasian) and sighthounds, the most common breed in the Crimea area at that time. Offspring selected were large, aggressive, hardy.

So, arguments about SRO ancestry are endless. However, there are facts nobody can argue with. SRO definitely have wolf as the direct ancestor.

SRO scull is built almost identical to wolf’s with only slight differences, which could be explained by domestication. “Barak” is an old Turk word. In well known “Turk languages Vocabulary” by Mohammed Kashgarsky (XI century) “barak” is interpreted as “the dog with long, wooly hair, exceptionally fast and agile, the best among hunting dogs”. Sounds like SRO. Body and limbs of the South Russian is very similar to sighthounds’ . Speed, swiftness and lightening reaction is inherited from hound ancestors.

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Breed info

Breed Group: Sighthound

Color: Shades of pale sand to red with or without black markings such as: black mask, black ears, brindling, black mantel, and dark overlay. sand/black mask a

Height: Males 26-28 females 24-27 inches

Weight: 45-60 lbs

Description: The Sloughi is squarish and leggy, slightly higher than long. The top-line descends along the neck and straightens along the back.

The withers are hardly visible and the topline is almost straight from the base of the neck.

There is a slight curve over the loin. The croup is bony, the brisket does not reach the elbow, the underline is first straight (long sternum) then rising sharply.

The Sloughi’s coat color is solid with no extensive white markings (a white patch on the chest and few white hairs at the tip of the toes are overlooked). Colors are all shades of light to red sand with or without a black mask, black ears, brindle, black overlay, and black mantle. The most common color is sand with a black mask.

The facial expression of the Sloughi is gentle and melancholy, almost sad. The Sloughi has a smooth, floating, effortless gait, tail held low, head at a moderate angle to the body.

There is no exaggeration in extension, and the front paws don’t reach beyond the tip of the nose.

This type of gait enables the hound to cover large distances without tiring. When racing, its style resembles that of the Greyhound, but looks more pulled together as a result of the squarish structure of the Sloughi in comparison to the “lying rectangle” structure of the Greyhound. Because of its straighter topline, the Sloughi does not flex its back as much as the Greyhound.

Temperament: The Sloughi is a medium-sized, short-coated hunting sighthound of the desert type.

An African sighthound, it was used to hunt wild game, such as desert hare, gazelles, foxes, and jackals, often in cooperation with hunting falcons.

They also protected the house and livestock of its owner. The breed is adapted to desert and semi-desert life in the Maghreb region of North-West Africa.

This dry, lean and muscular hound gives an impression of rustic elegance as well as strength, and it is an efficient hunter with great endurance as well as speed. The Sloughis are affectionate, gentle, and very closely knit to their owners.

They are intelligent and independent and curious about their surroundings. They are quiet and calm indoors, and prefer to lie on soft rugs and blankets, often on their backs with their legs in the air and the neck twisted at a seemingly physically impossible angle.

Strangers are met with aloofness and caution, while friends are greeted with enthusiasm. Sloughis don’t make great obedience dogs, but they respond to fair and gentle training methods. Sloughis get along well with children and other animals if they are raised with them.

But as Sloughis are hunting hounds with a strong chase instinct, caution is recommended when the dog is outside with smaller animals. Any small, running animal may trigger the dog’s hunting instinct.

Health problems: The Sloughi is generally a very healthy breed. PRA (progressive retinal atrophy, or “night blindness”) is found very rarely, and dogs who are DNA-tested and found free of PRA give 100% PRA-free offspring. Breeders in Europe and the US test their breeding stock in the hope of eliminating the disease within a few generations.

A PRA-affected dog of otherwise excellent health, temperament and conformity can be bred to a normal (PRA free) dog and give offspring that are carriers (not affected), but the carriers can then be bred to normal dogs and give 50/50 carrier/normal pups.

In this way, affected and carrier dogs of otherwise great quality can still be used in a planned breeding program. There have been isolated cases of the deficient immune system, balance problems and Hemophilia (an illness that impairs the body’s ability to control bleeding) in inbred lines. Sloughis, like many other sighthounds, are sensitive to anesthetics.

Living conditions: Indoors they are calm and quiet. They prefer to have a nice comfortable place to sleep and will not be very happy on a hard cold floor.

Exercise: Sloughis, and particularly young dogs, like to run daily. They make excellent jogging partners but are truly happy when they are allowed to run off-leash. Because of their hunting instincts, they should never be let loose in unsafe areas. A normal fence will not stop a Sloughi chasing a squirrel onto a street in front of a fire truck with sirens blasting! Far too many Sloughis are lost in traffic accidents each year.

But a Sloughi who is allowed to run off-leash a few times a week will spend most of its time indoors resting in a comfortable spot where it can watch its humans with half an eye while drowsing. Sloughis do not like to be separated from their flock, and this is an advantage when they are let loose outdoors. They may chase every squirrel and bird within sight, but they will always return to their humans.

Life expectancy: 10-15 years

Grooming: The Sloughi’s coat is very short with no undercoat, and it has no “doggy odor” unless it’s wet. Dirt and mud fall off by itself when the fur dries.

Because it is a desert hound, the Sloughi needs protection in cold and wet weather. Grooming is easy; a rubber brush or grooming glove will remove dead hairs.

The Sloughi is an average shedder. Several people have reported that Sloughis are good for people with mild cases of dog allergy.

Origin: The origin of the Sloughi is not known, but it is a very old breed. It was mentioned in a book by the Moroccan writer Al Mansur which was probably written in the 13th century.

Morocco holds the FCI standard, but the breed originated in the area which today consists of Morocco, Libya, Tunisia, and Algeria, in the Northern Saharan region of the Maghreb.

The Sloughi is also known as the Arabian Sighthound, which is actually incorrect as it was the indigenous, nomadic Berbers (the Amazigh or “free people”, as they call themselves) who developed the breed long before the invasion of the Arabs.

The breed is locally known as the Sloughi Maghrebi, meaning the “sighthound of the Maghreb”. The Sloughis held an elevated position in comparison to other dogs, and they were greatly prized.

Only chiefs and kings were allowed to own them, and much effort went into making sure that they were bred pure. An owner of a fine hunting bitch would travel far to find just the right mate for her.

There were originally two types of Sloughi: the larger, more substantial mountain Sloughi and the smaller, more lithe desert Sloughi. In western countries, there is less distinction between the two as they have been mixed.

The breed is not, as previously believed, closely related to the Saluki. DNA testing has shown that these two breeds are only remotely related.

The Sloughi’s closest relative is the Azawakh, which belongs to the Berber tribes of southern Sahara. Still, the two breeds have been separated long enough that there are obvious differences in conformity and temperament.

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Border Terrier

Border Terrier

Border Terrier

Breed info

Breed Group: Terrier

Color: red, grizzle and tan, blue and tan, or wheaten

Height: 10-11 inches

Weight: male: 13-15.5, female: 11.5-14 lbs

Description: The Border Terrier is small spunky terrier with a coarse, wiry double coat. He has dark lively eyes, a short muzzle, black nose, and small ears, which fold forward into a “V” shape.

The jaw should meet in a scissors bite. The tail is relatively short and tapers from a thicker base to the tip. It is carried level with the back unless the dog is very excited. Its limbs are not heavily boned. The Border Terrier comes in red, blue & tan, tan, and grizzle & tan. White on the feet is not allowed, but small patches of white are permissible on the chest.

Temperament: The Border Terrier is alert and lively, but mild-mannered. Especially affectionate with children and wants to please, so it is relatively easy to train.

A hardy, scruffy little terrier and a bold hunter. Socialize them well and get puppies accustomed to loud noises and city situations while they are still young to avoid excessive timidity.

It will bark, but it is not aggressive. They might even go home with a burglar! Puppies are very active, but they will mellow as an adult. Border Terriers like to dig and must be securely fenced in. Many owners use free-standing dog runs or additional reinforcements along the bottom of their fences.

They may get themselves stuck in tight holes, though they can usually wiggle their way out. They are not trustworthy with hamsters, rabbits, rats or birds, but will generally get along with other dogs. If the puppy is raised with cats, family cats will not generally be a problem.

The dog shouldn’t be trusted with other people’s cats, however. If you have two Border Terriers, it is best to have a male and a female. This breed does not do well when left alone all day. They are economical to feed, for they will thrive on a cup of dry dog food per day.

Health problems: The Border Terrier is relatively insensitive to pain and shows few signs of illness, so the owner should watch this breed’s health carefully.

Canine Epileptoid Cramping Syndrome – CECS is also known as “Spike’s Disease” is a recently recognized canine health problem and hereditary canine disease in Border Terriers. It can sometimes get confusing with canine epilepsy. It is also being considered to be a metabolic, neurological or muscle disorder.

Living conditions: The Border Terrier will do okay in an apartment if it is sufficiently exercised. They are moderately inactive indoors and a small yard is sufficient.

Exercise: Border Terriers were bred to hunt and have great vitality and stamina. They need plenty of exercise.

Life expectancy: About 15 or more years

Litter size: 2 – 8 puppies – Average 4 – 5

Grooming: The durable, wiry coat needs weekly brushings and twice a year of professional grooming. The object is a completely natural look. The Border Terrier sheds little to no hair and is good for allergy sufferers. Bathe only when necessary.

Origin: The Border Terrier was originally bred in the Cheviot Hills area near the border between England and Scotland to help farmers drive predatory foxes from their dens and kill them.

This sturdy little fellow has long enough legs and enough stamina to keep up with a horse, even though he is quite small.

The bold little Border Terrier has also been used to hunt marten, otter and the fierce badger. As with most terriers, the Border Terrier gradually began to be taken into the home.

Today due to his winning personality, adaptability, and friendliness, the breed is highly esteemed as a companion dog, yet he can still serve as a fine farm dog, helping to control vermin.

The Border Terrier was officially recognized by the British Kennel Club in 1920 and by the AKC in 1930. Some of the Border Terrier’s talents include hunting, tracking, watchdogging, agility, competitive obedience, and performing tricks.


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Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier


Breed info

Breed Group: Terrier

Color: Puppies are born black, but lighten to the final adult wheaten color by about two years of age.

Height: Male: 18-20 Female: 17-19 inches

Weight: Male: 35-45 Female: 30-40 lbs

Description: The Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier is a medium-sized, compact and squarely proportioned dog.

It is a strong dog that moves gracefully. The head is shaped like a rectangle, rather long, with a short, strong muzzle, jaws that are able to seize and grip prey well, and large teeth.

It has a defined stop. The ears are v-shaped and fold forward, level with the skull. The teeth should form scissors or level bite.

The almond-shaped eyes are hazel or dark brown. Light or yellow eye color can occur but is a breed fault in the written standard. The nose is large and black.

The strongback forms a level topline. The front legs are straight, with plenty of bone. The dewclaws should be removed.

The feet are round with black pads and dark nails. The tail is cocked and carried upright. Puppies are born black but lighten to the final adult wheaten color by about two years of age.

Temperament: The Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier is an alert and happy animal – graceful, strong and well-coordinated. A playful and friendly terrier.

They make great watchdogs and bark at the arrival of guests. They are usually very loving with children and get along reasonably well with other dogs (provided they are socialized when they are young).

They do not get along well with cats. All it takes is some fast movement on the part of the cat, and the dog’s instincts will take over and he will attack.

They have a puppy attitude that remains with it throughout its life. Sweet-tempered, easy-going and self-confident. This breed needs to be taught when it’s young what is and what is not acceptable behavior.

It is very intelligent, so it will generally grasp quickly what is required of them. They have a straightforward nature and need to be handled in a straightforward manner.

Soft Coated Wheaten Terriers bond extremely closely with their family. They seldom bark unnecessarily. Though not as aggressive as many other terriers, males may be combative with other male dogs if challenged.

The Soft Coated Wheaten should be well socialized with other dogs while they are young puppies. This breed is increasing in popularity and is known in most areas of the United States, but it may still require some calling around to find a breeder.

Health problems: Prone to flea allergies and protein wasting disease (PLE and PLN).

Living conditions: The Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier is good for apartment life. They are moderately active indoors and a small yard will do. This breed does not tolerate heat very well.

Exercise: The Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier can get by with moderate exercise as long as it is regular.

Life expectancy: About 12-15 years.

Grooming: When grooming the Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier, the object is to achieve a natural look and brushing can make the soft coat fuzzy.

So using a brush is not recommended. Instead, frequent, even daily combing of the long, profuse coat with a medium-toothed comb is recommended to keep it free of tangles – beginning when the dog is a puppy.

Clean the eyes and check the ears carefully.

Bathe or dry shampoo when necessary. The Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier does not shed in the spring and fall, but loose hair should be combed out of the coat from time to time. A well-groomed dog will shed very little. This breed is good for allergy suffers.

Origin: The Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier was used as a farm dog, herder, and hunter of small game and vermin in Ireland, which is his country of origin.

Though it is probably one of the oldest Irish breeds, its first public presentation was in 1933. The Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier was first imported to the United States in 1946 and officially recognized by the AKC in 1973.

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American Bulldog
American Bulldog


Breed info

Breed Group: Not Akc Recognized

Color: White, Brindle, Brown, Red, Or Tan

Height: Male: 22-28, Female: 20-26 Inches

Weight: Male: 70-120, Female: 60-100 Lbs.

Description: The American Bulldog remains higher on the leg, more agile and swifter than its English counterpart. Some individuals are reportedly able to leap six or more feet into the air.

The American Bulldog is a very muscular, sturdy dog with a large, powerful head and jaws. He is very strong, but agile and light on his feet.

The chest is wide and the muscular neck tapers from shoulders to head. The neck may have a slight dewlap. The head is square and broad with muscular cheeks and a furrow between the rounded eyes.

The strong muzzle is shaped like a box. The stop is sharply defined and deep. The teeth should meet in a tight undershot, even or scissors bite.

A variety of ear types are acceptable including rose, half-pricked and pendant. Though some people crop the ears, uncropped ears are preferred in the American Bulldog Breeders Association Standard.

Any eye color is permitted, but black eye rims are preferred on white dogs. The nose is black or grizzle. In black-nosed dogs, the lips should also be black, though some pink is permitted.

 The lips should be loose. The heavy-boned front legs should be strong and very straight. The hindquarters should be very broad and muscular.

The low-set tail begins thick at the base and then tapers to a point. The short, harsh coat comes in combinations of solid or varying degrees of white, all shades of brindle, brown, red, or tan. The sturdy and powerful, yet compact frame, is characteristically stockier and heavier boned in the males and more refined in the females.

Temperament: American Bulldogs should not be excessively timid, shy or aggressive towards men and preferably not overly aggressive with other dogs.

An American Bulldog should never be confused with uniquely different breeds such as the American Staffordshire Terrier or the American Pit Bull Terrier.

The American Bulldog is a brave and determined, but not hostile dog. Alert and self-confident, this breed genuinely loves children.

It is known for its acts of heroism towards its master. These dogs have fought wild dogs, bulls and even fire. It is said “fighting off one of these dogs is like fighting an animal that possesses an alligator’s head and a python’s body.” Yet when called off by their handler, they immediately obey.

No wonder they are said to have “true grit, true devotion, and true love.” Because of its strong protective instincts, the American Bulldog should be well-socialized and obedience trained at an early age. Some may be aggressive with other dogs and reserved with strangers.

They need to be around people to be truly happy. This breed tends to drool and slobber.

Health problems: Prone to hip dysplasia.

Living conditions: The American Bulldog will do okay in an apartment if it is sufficiently exercised. They are relatively inactive indoors and will do best with at least an average-sized yard.

Exercise: Moderate exercise is needed.

Life expectancy: Up to 16 years

Litter size: Average of 11 puppies

Grooming: The short, harsh coat is easy to groom. Comb and brush with a firm bristle brush, and bathe only when necessary. This breed is an average shedder.

Origin: Early Bulldogs were used in the bloody sport of bull-baiting. Some of these dogs emigrated with their masters from England to America.

Eventually, the English Bulldog was bred down in size and his personality was softened, but the American version remained a larger, fiercer dog.

The American version has longer legs and more speed and agility than the English show dog. Thanks to the efforts of John D. Johnson of Summerville, Georgia the American Bulldog exists today.

After he returned from WW II he was disappointed to find that, like the English Mastiff, they were almost completely extinct.

He then decided to gather the best he could find from all across the rural south and bring them back from the brink of extinction. He has been breeding these dogs longer than anyone else in the world and his father bred them before him.

He is an old man now (in his 80’s) and these dogs have always existed in his family. He is the sole reason why they exist today. If it were not for his efforts they surely would be gone.

He has been breeding them non-stop since then. The American Bulldog has also been used as a guard and in hunting bear, wild boar, squirrel, and raccoon.

They have even been trained to drive cattle and guard stock from predators. Farmers prize these dogs for their stamina, protectiveness, intelligence, and working abilities.

Some of the American Bulldogs’ talents are hunting, watchdogging, tracking, weight pulling, and guarding.

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Silky Terrier
Silky Terrier


Breed info

Breed Group: Toy

Color: Blue and tan

Height: 9 – 10 inches

Weight: 8 – 11 lbs

Description: The Silky Terrier, also called the Sidney Terrier, is a fine-boned, moderately low-set, long-haired terrier.

It is compact but lightly built. It has erect, v-shaped ears and a docked tail. (Docking is illegal in some European countries.) The head is flat and wide between the ears, with a shallow stop.

The nose is black and the eyes are round and dark with a piercing expression. The teeth should form a scissors bite with a sturdy jaw.

The body is slightly longer than tall with a level topline. The round, catlike feet are small and well-padded. Dewclaws should be removed.

The coat is long, about 5-6 inches (12-15 cm). The fine, silky, shiny hair has no undercoat. It is very prone to tangles and mats unless frequently groomed.

The coat should not reach the floor. The hair is parted down the center of the back. The coat comes in blue & fire red, or blue with tan markings. Many shades of blue are permitted.

The topknot should be lighter in color than the tan points. Silky Terriers are born black.

Temperament: This loving, little terrier is very intelligent, courageous and alert. Affectionate, spunky cheerful and sociable, they like to be close to their master, but do not accept them to be a “mellow” lap dog.

They are full of energy. Curious about everything, it is an enthusiastic digger. Active, keen and demanding. Smart and quick, though a bit willful as with most terriers.

Despite its size, this docile dog is watchful and protective. Normally these dogs are very loving with children if they are raised with them, but they can be snappish if peeved and should not be rough-handled or teased.

A hardy little fellow, it is a good dog to travel with. It makes an excellent watchdog but can become a barker if not controlled. They are reserved with strangers and not generally trustworthy with other pets.

Socialize them well with cats when they are still a puppy or they will chase them when they get older. They can get jealous and pick fights with other dogs. Training these dogs is very straight- forward because it is very eager to learn.

Health problems: Generally healthy. Minor concerns are intervertebral disc disease, elbow dysplasia, patellar luxation, and Legg-Perthes. This breed sometimes is afflicted with diabetes, epilepsy, tracheal collapse.

Living conditions: The Silky Terrier is good for apartment life. They are very active indoors and will do okay without a yard.

Exercise: The Silky Terrier is full of energy. It has surprising stamina and will enjoy regular chances to run and play, however, they will adapt to the family’s circumstances.

Life expectancy: About 12-15 years.

Grooming: The Silky Terrier is very prone to tangles and mats and needs daily combing and brushing.

It should be bathed regularly to keep the hair in top condition. It takes quite a commitment from its owner, requiring about 15 minutes a day.

After bathing, make sure the dog is thoroughly dry and warm. The coat must be trimmed occasionally, and the hair on the legs from the knees down is often trimmed short.

The hair that falls over the eyes is tied up in a topknot so the dog will be able to see easier. The Silky Terrier sheds little to no hair.

Origin: The Silky Terrier has originally developed in 19th century Australia from other terrier breeds such as the Skye and Cairn but primarily the Australian Terrier and the Yorkshire Terrier.

American servicemen stationed in Australia during World War II brought Silky Terriers home with them after the war. The breed was recognized by the AKC in 1959 and its standard was established in 1962 (and later updated in 1967). Though the Silky Terrier has always been primarily a companion dog, this swift little dog can catch domestic rodents.

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Skye Terrier-Dog Breeds Info

Siberian Husky-Dog Breed Info

Skye Terrier
Skye Terrier


Breed info

Breed Group: Terrier

Color: Black, blue, gray, silver, fawn, or cream, preferably with black ears, muzzle, and tail tip. Adult color may not be present until 18 months.

Height: Male: 10 Female: 9.5 inches

Weight: 18 – 20 lbs

Description: The Skye Terrier is an elegant, long and low terrier. Its length should be twice its height at the withers. It has a powerful muzzle, a black nose, dark brown eyes, and either upright or falling-down ears (although, falling-down ears are rare).

Its tail is pendent and never curled. Its undercoat is soft but its 6-inch outer coat is long, hard, straight, free of any rippling and parts down the middle of the back.

The colors of its coat are either gray-blue, dove or cream, always with black ears. A small amount of white is permitted on the chest. The hair also shields and protects the eyes and forehead.

The teeth should form a scissors bite. The hare-like feet are long and large, pointing straight forward.

Temperament: The Skye is very good-natured, polite and affectionate. Courageous, spunky and bold. Loving and playful, yet more serious than many terriers. They need a lot of attention to be happy.

Loyal, protective, and a bit willful. This breed requires extensive early socialization with people or he may grow up to be overly suspicious of strangers.

He often does not like to be touched by strangers and may bite. Be careful around other small animals, as the Skye likes to chase, and they can be a bit dog-aggressive. These little dogs like to bark.

Health problems: This is a very healthy breed.

Living conditions: The Skye Terrier is good for apartment life. It is relatively active indoors and will do okay without a yard.

Exercise: Little exercise is needed.

Life expectancy: About 12-15 years

Grooming: The long straight coat needs frequent attention or it will mat. The puppy’s coat is quite different from the adult coat. It may take several years before the adult coat develops completely. This breed is an average shedder.

Origin: The origin of the Skye Terrier is connected with a shipwreck.

In the early 1600’s a Spanish ship came to grief against the rocks of the island of Skye in the Scottish Hebrides. Among the survivors were Maltese dogs that mated with local terriers and produced this new extremely pleasing and unique breed. In the mid-1800’s Queen Victoria took a fancy to the breed and it became very popular for a while, especially among the nobility.

Later the breed’s popularity waned. The Skye Terrier is very loyal and strongly connected to his master.

Legend has it that a Skye named “Bobby” stayed faithfully by the grave of his deceased master for ten years before he, too, passed away.

Townspeople fed him. The breed was first shown in England in 1864 and first registered with the AKC in 1887. Today the beautiful Skye Terrier is primarily a companion, though he can still help control vermin.

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Siberian Husky-Dog Breed Info

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Siberian Husky

Siberian Husky

Breed info

Breed Group: Working

Color: All Colors From Black To Pure White

Height: male: 21-23.5, female: 20-22 inches

Weight: male: 45-60, female: 35-50 lbs

Description: Siberian Huskies are strong, compact, working dogs. The Siberian Husky comes in all colors from black to pure white are allowed.

A variety of markings on the head is common, including many striking patterns not found in other breeds. Color choices include Black and White, which ranges from light (dilute) to dark (jet), Red and White, which ranges from light (peach or orange) to dark (chocolate or brown), Gray and White, which ranges from light (silver) to dark (wolf-gray), Sable and White (which is red-orange with black tips), Agouti and White (which is sometimes referred to as the coyote color and contains a lot of dark gray coat), and White (not to be confused with a Samoyed).

Different coat markings are all accepted, the most notable being a pie-bald. These coat markings are similar to that of a pinto horse.

The face mask and underbody are usually white, and the remaining coat any color.

The eyes are almond-shaped, moderately spaced and set a trifle obliquely. It is a common misconception that all Siberians have blue eyes.

They can have eyes that are blue, brown, amber, or any combination thereof including eyes that are half blue and half brown, which is referred to as being part-eyed.

Having one blue eye and one brown eye is referred to as being bi-eyed. The large “snowshoe” feet have hair between the toes for grip on ice.

Its ears are set high and erect, with a sickle-shaped tail. The Siberian Husky has a thick, wooly undercoat and a soft outer coat.

It is able to withstand temperatures as low as -58 degrees to -76 degrees F ( -50 degrees to -60 degrees C).

Temperament: These dogs are gentle and playful, but willful and mischievous. This cheerful dog is very fond of his or her family.

A puppy at heart, they are clever, sociable and loving, easy-going and docile. Though they do generally have a lot of energy, especially as puppies.

Good with children and friendly with strangers, they are not watchdogs, for they bark little and love everyone. Huskies are very intelligent and trainable, but they have a mind of their own and will only obey a command if they see the point.

 Training takes patience, consistency and an understanding of the Arctic dog character.

This dog will take advantage if he can. Huskies make an excellent jogging companion, as long as it is not too hot. Huskies may be difficult to housebreak.

This breed likes to howl and gets bored easily. They do not like to be left alone, so if this is the breed for you, you may want to consider having two. A lonely Husky can be very destructive.

Remember that the Husky is a sled dog in heart and soul. They are good with other pets if they are raised with them from puppyhood. Huskies are thrifty eaters and need less food than you might expect. This breed likes to roam. Siberian Huskies can make wonderful companions for people who are aware of what to expect from these beautiful and intelligent animals.

Although there are ‘exceptions to every rule’, there are a number of breed characteristics that are generally present among members of this arctic breed.

This is not meant to be a comprehensive list, as even the top breeders in the country will tell you that they learn something new about their dogs every day!

Health problems: Huskies are relatively free of breed-specific problems, apart from hip dysplasia and occasional eye problems (such as juvenile cataracts, PRA (eyes) primarily in male dogs, corneal dystrophy, crystalline corneal opacities and ectopy (displacement) of the urethra). Also, they sometimes have zinc responsive dermatitis (a skin condition that improves by giving zinc supplements).

Breeders can get hip screenings from the OFA and eye screenings yearly from a canine ophthalmologist (AVCO) and register the exam through CERF and SHOR)… I can provide more information if you’d like.

Living conditions: They are not usually recommended for apartments, however, they can live in apartments if well trained and properly exercised.

Siberian Huskies are very active indoors and do best with a fenced-in large yard. Because of their heavy coats, these dogs prefer cool climates.

One has to use common sense with respect to maintaining them in the heat by providing adequate shade and air conditioning. This breed prefers to live in packs.

Exercise: Siberian Huskies need a fair amount of exercise, but should not be excessively exercised in warm weather. They need a large yard with a high fence but bury the wire at the base of the fence because they are likely to dig their way out and go off hunting.

Life expectancy: About 12-15 years.

Grooming: The coat does not need much care except during the twice a year heavy shedding season when they have to be combed thoroughly with a metal comb.

Origin: Native to Siberia, the Husky was brought to Alaska in 1909. They were used for centuries by the Chukchi people in Siberia to pull sleds, herd reindeer and perform watchdogging functions.

They were perfect working dogs for the harsh Siberian conditions: hardy, able to integrate into small packs, and quite happy to work for hours on end.

The Siberian Husky is a very light-weight sled dog with great stamina. It was brought to North America by fur traders in Malamute for arctic races because of their great speed.

In 1925 there was a diphtheria epidemic in Nome, Alaska and many dog teams relayed precious medicine to the stricken city.

This event focused national attention on the Siberian Husky and helped popularize the breed. The Siberian Husky was also used during Admiral Byrd’s Antarctic Expeditions.

An excellent pack animal, the Husky gets along well with his comrades. Siberian Huskies have now become very popular as a companion dog, but they are also used for sledding, carting, and racing.

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Shih Tzu

Shih Tzu

Breed info

Breed Group: Toy

Color: Any

Height: 8 – 11 inches

Weight: 9 – 16 lbs

Description: This small sturdy dog, like the Lhasa Apso, is covered over with an abundant double coat of long hair lined with a woolly undercoat.

This proud looking little dog has hair above the nose growing upward, creating a “chrysanthemum” face.

The head is rounded, with a profuse beard and mustache, short hairy muzzle, and black nose (except in liver-colored dogs which have liver noses). There is a definite stop.

The eyes are large, round and wide-set, dark on most dogs but lighter on the liver and blue colored dogs.

The pendant ears are so covered with hair that they blend right into the body coat.

The teeth should form a level or undershot bite. The topline is level and the body is slightly longer than the height at the withers.

Dewclaw removal is optional. The heavily plumped tail is curled over the back. Any color is acceptable, though white on the forehead and tip of the tail is preferred by most dog show judges.

Temperament: The Shih-Tzu is an alert and spunky little dog. Happy and hardy, endowed with loads of character. They are royally dignified, courageous and sometimes arrogant.

This breed does well with polite, careful children. The gentle loyal Shih-Tzu makes friends easily and although obstinate can respond well to consistent patient training.

A very alert watchdog, the Shih-Tzu likes to bark but is usually quiet inside the house.

They are stubborn and clever. This can get snappish if they are surprised or peeved. Playful and lively, this affectionate little dog needs to be with people and are generally good with other pets. Some can be difficult to housebreak.

Health problems: They tend to wheeze and snore. Some bloodlines are prone to ear, eye and respiratory problems. Spinal disc disease caused by a long back and short legs may be a problem.

Their teeth need regular veterinary attention, as they tend to be lost early. These dogs gain weight easily and should not be overfed.

Living conditions: The Shih Tzu is good for apartment life. They are fairly active indoors and will do okay without a yard. This breed is sensitive to the heat.

Exercise: The Shih Tzu is a naturally active dog but if it is allowed it will lay around in its favorite spots. They should be encouraged to get out and about to say fit. Daily walks are a good idea. Do not over feed this breed or it will quickly become fat.

Life expectancy: About 15 years or more.

Grooming: These little dogs require good daily grooming using a bristle brush. A topknot is usually tied with a bow so that the dog can see properly.

Some owners prefer to have them trimmed to make the coat easier and less time consuming to care for. Keep the ear passages and area around the eyes clean.

Shih-Tzu’s have sensitive eyes that should be kept clean. There is special drops you can buy to put in them if needed. Ask your vet what to use on your dog. This breed sheds little to no hair and is good for allergy suffers if their coats are kept very well-groomed. (Due to the fact that they shed little skin dander.)

Origin: Documents and paintings dating from the sixteenth-century show dogs resembling a small lion (which the Shih-Tzu is sometimes called). In the seventeenth century, dogs were brought from Tibet and bred in the forbidden City of Peking, probably by crossing the Tibetan Lhasa Apso and the native Pekingese.

The Shih-Tzu became a favorite of the Imperial Chinese court. The breed was so revered that for many years after the Chinese began trading with the West, they refused to sell, or even give away, any of the little dogs.

It was not until 1930 that the first pair was imported to England. The Shih-Tzu was recognized in Britain in 1946 and by the AKC in the United States in 1969.

Today the breed is very popular, both as a companion and as a glamorous show dog.

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Scottish Deerhound

Scottish Deerhound

Breed info

Breed Group: Hounds

Color: All shades of gray and gray brindle, with dark blue-gray preferred

Height: male: 30-32, female: at least 28 inches

Weight: male: 85-110, female: 75-95 lbs

Description: The Scottish Deerhound appears to be a rough-coated Greyhound. He is, however, larger in size and bigger in the bone.

He is a tall and slim sighthound with a saggy 3-4 inch long coat, beard, mustache, and mane.

The harsh, wiry coat comes in various shades of gray (blue-gray is preferred), fawn, or brindle, with dark ears and a tapering dark muzzle.

A little white is allowed on the chest, feet, and tail. The hair is softer on the underparts and head. The head is carried high, long, level and in balance with the whole dog.

The eyes are either chestnut or hazel, and the nose is a dark color. The teeth should form a level bite and there is little stop.

The soft ears lie back against the head unless the dog is excited, in which case, they become half-perked. The long straight or curved tail nearly reaches the ground.

Temperament: He is a gentle and gentlemanly dog with elegant ways and polite affection. Quiet, loving, friendly and excellent with children.

Very courageous and dignified, devoted and loyal, but they are not watching or guard dogs, for they just love everyone.

The Scottish Deerhound can be willful at times and slow to obey commands. Although friendly with other dogs, they should not be trusted with non-canine pets. The Scottish Deerhound has an unusual cry.

Health problems: The Scottish Deerhound is prone to bloat. It is wise to feed them 2 or 3 small meals a day rather than one big one. Avoid vigorous exercise right after the dog has eaten a big meal.

Living conditions: Scottish Deerhounds are not recommended for apartment life, although mature Deerhounds can do well in an apartment if they are sufficiently exercised.

They are relatively inactive indoors and should have at least a large yard, but do best with acreage so it will have room to run around.

Exercise: This active breeds needs a great deal of exercise, but should not be left off of its lead except in a secure area because they are incredibly fast and like to chase. This breed makes an excellent jogging companion.

Life expectancy: An average of under 10 years.

Grooming: The harsh, wiry coat needs extensive grooming. Some trimming and stripping is required, but little skill is needed. This breed is an average shedder.

Origin: The Greyhound is a centuries-old inhabitant of the British Isles. The Scottish breed’s development closely jockeys it’s English counterpart’s.

In Scotland, the Greyhound developed into quite a distinctive dog and became known as the Scottish Deerhound. Bred as a deer hunting dog of the Scottish chieftains in the Middle Ages, the dog gained size and strength.

Due to the harsh climate, it also gained a rough protective coat. The Deerhound was once so popular with Scottish high nobility that the breed became known as the royal dog of Scotland.

No one ranking below Earl was permitted to own one. The advent of gun hunting, development of fenced agriculture (which cut up the wide-open spaces needed for such deer hunts), and the fall of the Scottish clan system, resulted in the decline of the Scottish Deerhound.

In fact, the breed almost became extinct. However, interest revived in the 1800’s and the breed was saved, largely due to the efforts of two brothers: Archibald and Duncan McNeill. Queen Victoria became a Deerhound fancier, and Sir Walter Scott also owned one.

During World War II in Britain, it was very difficult to feed these large dogs, and many people destroyed their dogs for lack of food. Some dedicated Deerhound owners held out and saved their dogs.

Today, this agile sighthound is primarily a companion dog. Though classified as a sighthound, the Scottish Deerhound also has a very fine sense of smell.

Some of the Deerhounds talents include: hunting, sighting, tracking, racing, agility and lure coursing.

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Shiba Inu

Shiba Inu

Shiba Inu

Breed info

Breed Group: Non-Sporting

Color: Any

Height: male: 14.5-16.5, female: 13.5-15.5 inches

Weight: 20-30 lbs

Description: The Shiba is a small, compact, agile furry dog that looks like a miniature Akita. It has a pointed face, broad forehead and triangular prick ears.

The eyes are small and dark. The teeth should form a scissors bite. The nose is dark. The Spitz-like tail is thick and strong curling over the back and carried either in a ring or with a sickle curve.

Though all colors are acceptable, the plush double coat most often comes in red, or red with a little black overlay or black with tan markings.

The dog should have white or cream-colored markings on the cheeks and sides of the muzzle, throat, underside and chest. White is also permitted on the legs, tail tip and above the eyes.

Temperament: The Shiba is an alert, lively and bold dog. Independent, but affectionate and loving. Kind, trainable, brave and clean. Confident, fearless and courageous.

A big dog in a small dog’s body. The Shiba is agile, fast and playful. Charming and open. They bark little and bond closely with their handlers while remaining independent. It may be a bit reserved with strangers but children do not usually cause any problems, for Shiba’s make good companions for children.

Socialize this breed well as a puppy. They do well with other dogs and cats if they are raised with them from puppyhood, though they tend to be aggressive with members of the same sex.

Don’t trust this dog around other small pets such as rodents and small birds. Big birds such as parrots may be okay. The Shiba is an easy dog to travel with.

Be careful during hunting season as the dog looks like a fox and may be mistaken for one. It is not usually a reliable off-leash dog. It is easy to housebreak these dogs because they are naturally fastidious.

Health problems: This breed is generally hardy and healthy with few genetic weaknesses. A small proportion of Shibas have histories of hip dysplasia and PRA. Some lines are prone to patellar luxation (slipped kneecap).

Living conditions: The Shiba will do okay in an apartment if is sufficiently exercised. It is moderately active indoors and will do best with at least an average-sized yard. The Shiba’s waterproof, all-weather coat protects it in both cold and hot conditions, so it can live outdoors if you have a secure yard of reasonable size.

However, it does regard itself as part of the family and does not like to be left alone outside. This breed would be much happier living indoors with its family.

Exercise: The Shiba Inu is an undemanding dog that will adapt to your circumstances. It is however, a very active dog and will be healthier and happier with regular exercise.

This breed can walk for hours on end as it has tremendous endurance.

Life expectancy: About 12-15 years.

Grooming: The Shiba has a clean, coarse, stiff, short-haired coat that is easy to groom.

Brush with a firm bristle brush to remove the dead hair and bathe only when absolutely necessary as it removes the natural waterproofing of the coat. This breed is a seasonally heavy shedder.

Origin: The Shiba Inu is an ancient Asian breed, probably with Chow Chow and Kyushu blood.

It was brought to Japan from China two thousand years ago. Six distinct breeds developed from these original dogs, including the Akita and the Shiba Inu.

The Shiba is the smallest of the six Japanese Spitz-type dogs. Some of the other six breeds are now extinct. Shibas were originally bred to flush birds and hunt small game.

The breed may have been named for the brushwood environment where the dog hunted, because the bright red color of the autumn brushwood leaves matches the color of some Shiba’s coats, or perhaps just for size, as the word “shiba” means both “brushwood” and “small.” The word “Inu” means “dog.”

World War II was a difficult time for many dog breeds worldwide, and the Shiba was not an exception. Though the breed almost become extinct, breeding programs were established after the war, using individuals from the countryside.

The Shiba is now the most popular breed in Japan and in recent years has been gaining popularity in the United States as well, primarily as a companion dog.

Some of the Shiba’s talents include: hunting, tracking, watchdogging, guarding, agility and performing tricks.

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Shiloh Shepherd-Dog Breeds Info

Shiloh Shepherd

Shiloh Shepherd

Breed info

Breed Group: Herding

Color: Solid black and tan / grayish undertone

Height: 28 – 30 inches

Weight: Males: 140-160 Females: 100-120 lbs

Description: The Shiloh Shepherd’s overall appearance is rather heavy. The Back is broad, strong and solid.

The head is broad and noble, slightly domed and in proportion to the body.

The width and length of the skull are approximately equal with a gently defined stop, strongly developed cheekbones, and a gradually tapering muzzle.

The muzzle should be predominantly black, the length being equal to that of the forehead, with the lips firmly fitted and solid black. The muzzle should not belong, narrow, or snipey in appearance.

Both upper and lower thighs are well muscled. The tail is quite long and thickly covered with dense hair hanging down like a plume.

The coat comes in two varieties: smooth and plush. The plush coat is medium-length with a dense undercoat and has a distinct mane from the neck to the chest.

Hair should not be more than 5″ (12 cm) in length. The smooth coat is thick and medium-length with the outer hair being harsh to the touch.

Temperament: The Shiloh Shepherd is very similar to the German Shepherd dog except it is bigger, has a sounder temperament and better hips.

The breed club promotes temperament testing and issues certificates for individuals which it considers to be neither fearfully shy nor dominantly aggressive.

Although the Shiloh is still relatively unknown, it makes a nice companion dog. They are a very intelligent, courageous and self-confident dog that will willingly protect its family, yet it is friendly and a good companion to its friends and family.

Makes a good guard and watchdog. Shilohs have tremendous loyalty and courage. Calmly confident, but not hostile. Serious and almost human in their intelligence.

They have a high learning ability. Shilohs love to be close to their families. They should be trained and socialized from an early age with a firm and a loving hand.

Health problems: Hip Dysplasia

Living conditions: The Shiloh Shepherd will do okay in an apartment if it gets enough exercise.

They are relatively inactive indoors and do best with at least a large yard. It has an all-weather coat and will do well in cold as well as hot climates.

They can live outdoors but would be much happier inside close to their owners. Be sure they have plenty of water and shade on hot days and proper shelter in the winter.

Exercise: The Shiloh Shepherd loves strenuous activity, preferably combined with training of some kind, for these dogs are very intelligent and crave a good challenge.

Life expectancy: About 12-14 years.

Grooming: The coat comes in two varieties, smooth and plush. The plush coat requires regular brushing to keep it clean and tangle-free. The smooth coat requires minimal grooming.

This breed sheds bits of hair constantly and is a seasonally heavy shedder. A quick daily brushing is best unless the hair in the house is not a problem. They should be bathed rarely, only once or twice a year to avoid skin oil depletion.

Origin: the founder of the Shiloh Shepherd asked that we do not list her name on our web site) – A lady had been breeding German Shepherd Dogs since the 1960s. She was active in conformation shows as well as Schutzhund, etc. In the 70’s she set her standard back to the old style, very large type Shepherds.

She spent the next decade pursuing her goals for the old-style Shepherds. In 1990 she separated her breed from AKC and started to maintain registry records as Shiloh Shepherds.

The International Shiloh Shepherd Registry, Inc. (ISSR) was incorporated in 1991. Due to disagreements within the ISSR other splinter registries were formed.

The ISSR refuses to acknowledge these other registries insisting these other registries should never be mentioned, however, the simple fact is they exist.


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